Does proper nutrition protect against osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis?
When it comes to progression osteoarthritis Y Rheumatoid arthritis According to experts, it seems highly unlikely that diet plays a role. Therefore, following a healthy diet cannot slow down or stop the development of these diseases.
In a new research study involving experts from the Division of Musculoskeletal and Dermatological Sciences contributed to several systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies on nutrition and disease progression seven different rheumatic diseases carried out.
Impact of diet on general health
According to the researchers, although diet is known to influence cardiovascular and mental health on the other hand, it was not very clear whether diet also affected symptoms and progression rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases can affect. The new study should clarify this.
To do this, the researchers examined the possible effects of diet, exercise, weight, alcohol, smoking and work on the course of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, reports the specialized journal BMJ in a current press release.
Effects of diet on pain and joint damage
With regard to nutrition, the team specifically looked for studies evaluating the effects of dietary ingredients/supplements Pain, joint damage and bodily functions. for seven common rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases.
These were osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, axial spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic sclerosis and gout, experts from the University of Manchester report in a study abstract.
In their new study, the researchers ultimately used 24 systematic reviews that were published between 2013 and 2018. In addition, 150 original research articles with no publication date restriction were included in the pooled data analysis.
Most of the research focused on osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and looked at a variety of Food supplements. These include animal products, experimental diets, food components, fruits and vegetables and other plant-based interventions, minerals and supplements, and vitamins, according to experts.
Any effects of a healthy diet on rheumatic diseases and diseases of the musculoskeletal system are only mentioned. low and clinically insignificant outside, the researchers continue to report. One reason for this could be that there are not enough high-quality nutritional studies on this topic.
Experts stress that there are relatively few dietary studies specific to osteoarthritis, so the evidence for this as a bad or very bad was classified.
Diet in non-clinically significant osteoarthritis
Analysis of pooled data finally showed that the effects of moderate evidence dietary interventions (fish oil, chondroitin, glucosamine, vitamin D, avocado, and soy) on osteoarthritis progression usually minor and not clinically significant it has failed.
Effects of diet on rheumatoid arthritis
The evidence for most diet-related interventions Rheumatoid arthritis was also considered by experts bad or even very bad classified, mainly due to the small number of studies and participants.
While there was evidence for the effects of probiotics, vitamin D and fish oil/omega-3 on rheumatic diseases, experts said these were insignificant or too small to make a big difference.
No protection was found from a single diet.
Therefore, based on current evidence, there is no single dietthe only essential benefit for outcomes for people with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, experts conclude.
According to the team, far fewer studies have been published for the other included rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. They also delivered no consistent evidence make sure the diet results in these disorders significantly improved.
According to the researchers, the current literature on the subject suggests that while there is moderate evidence that certain components of the diet do not benefit, they do. there is a lack of reliable evidence for clinically significant effects of individual food components on the course of illness.
Pay attention to diet and a healthy body weight
Therefore, the consumption of certain food components probably has little or no influence on the progression of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Despite this, eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight are important for overall health, as this protects against other diseases and health problems. (What)
Author and source of information
This text corresponds to the requirements of the specialized medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been reviewed by medical professionals.
- University of Manchester: Effects of diet on rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease (RMD) outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis informing the 2021 EULAR recommendations for improving lifestyle in people with RMD (accessed 06/01/2022) , University of Manchester
- BMJ: Diet unlikely to ease progression of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (published 05/31/2022), BMJ
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.