Nasty Breakfast Traps: You Should Avoid These Morning Treats
The target values for the individual types of cholesterol depend on whether someone has other diseases such as high blood pressure or diabetes or has, for example smokes. “LDL cholesterol should not be above 150 mg/dl if there is a single additional risk factor for cardiovascular disease,” says Wechsler. Lie various risk factors before, then the LDL cholesterol should be below 100 mg/dl.
Even if a patient severe high blood pressure LDL cholesterol value should not exceed 100 mg/dl. If someone has already had a heart attack or is diabetic, the value should even be below 70 mg/dl. If possible, HDL should be above 45 mg/dl in women and above 40 mg/dl in men.
Expert recommendation: once a year for a cholesterol check
Around serious diseases To prevent this, everyone should have their cholesterol levels checked once a year. “This can be done with a rapid test in many, but not all, pharmacies,” says Ursula Sellerberg, pharmacist and deputy press spokeswoman for the Federal Chamber of Pharmacists. If the determined values deviate from the reference values, patients should consult a doctor.
Book: Good Cholesterol – Bses Homocysteine - Check Amazon Now
it turns out that cholesterol levels – and especially the “bad” cholesterol – of a patient permanently increased then the interested party must take his first step Change diet and lifestyle.
“That means the patient is eating fewer animal and high-fat products and instead, more plant-based, low-fat foods like vegetables, fruits, and grain products,” explains Wechsler. If someone is overweight, the doctor puts them on a diet at the same time. By the way, ginger is a natural cholesterol lowering agent: even small amounts a day can lower cholesterol.
Genetics are more important for cholesterol than diet
However, a change in diet is not necessarily helpful. Professor Ulrich Laufs, cardiologist Leipzig University Hospitalis from the image quoted as follows: “Many people have a heritage hypercholesterolemia In front. Due to a genetic defect, they have difficulty absorbing cholesterol from the blood to the liver. Your cholesterol levels are rising.”
For a long time, the influence of a proper diet on cholesterol levels has been overestimated. This is the opinion of many doctors today, including Professor Laufs: “Today we know that the Genetics one of the main causes is, not the diet. But it still plays a role for the heart and blood vessels. A healthy lifestyle with enough exercise and the right diet protects against heart attacks and strokes.”
According to current estimates, a LDL reduction through diet alone is relatively unlikely – the probability of success is between five and 30 percent.
The Right Fats: What Matters When Cholesterol Is Too High
However, in a Diet change setsays Antje Gahl of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) important tips: “The priority must be the correct choice of fats: vegetable oils, margarine, nuts and fatty fish are preferred.” According to them, it has a positive effect to consume less saturated fatty acids, such as those found in foods of animal origin, and instead more unsaturated fatty acids.
Recipe: Salmon Fillet in Mustard and Dill Sauce with Tomato Salad
“Coconut fat, butter, cream, lard, and bacon should be used sparingly,” Gahl said, when that too high cholesterol it is.
He also advises to watch out for hidden fats in processed foods: they can be found in delicatessen salads, pizzas or cakes. Low-fat variants should be preferred. In addition to changing your diet, you can also regular exercise, little alcohol and no nicotine help lower cholesterol levels. Eating eggs can significantly increase cholesterol levels. Read here how dangerous eggs really are for our health.
Statins: Drug used to lower cholesterol
Eight weeks after starting this type of therapy, the doctor remeasures the lipid levels in the patient’s blood. Medication only comes into play when it turns out that the values have not improved significantly. “But that doesn’t immediately lower your cholesterol level,” explains Sellerberg. If taken regularly, it only goes down in the medium term.
What aerzteblatt.de reported, the intake of such statins (cholesterol-lowering drugs) is not always considered uncritical. In addition to the fact that the effect only occurs with regular intake and correctly adjusted dosage, there are also some side effects such as shortness of breath, muscle pain, diabetes, heartburn or joint pain.
Is a increased cholesterol level hereditary, a change in diet and lifestyle does little to lower levels. “In such a case, medications are prescribed from the beginning,” says Wechsler.
*Note: In the newsroom we are always looking for useful products for our readers. The links provided in this article and marked with a shopping cart symbol or an asterisk are so-called affiliate links/advertising links. If you click or make a purchase through one of these links, we receive a commission from the retailer. This does not change the price for you. Our editorial reporting is fundamentally independent of the existence or amount of a commission.