What are the effects of low-carb, low-fat diets on prediabetes?
the nutrition play in the development of type diabetes a crucial role. in the call prediabetes stage (before the disease manifests) can theoretically still be counteracted, so often a change in low-carb, low-fat diets it’s recommended
In a recent study, researchers from Huazhong University of Science and Technology in Wuhan (China) is now investigating what influence Low-carb and low-fat diets about him All-cause mortality in prediabetes have. The results of the study were published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Low-carbohydrate, low-fat diets in prediabetes
According to the research team, it was already known from previous studies that low-carbohydrate, low-fat diets lead to a short-term improvement in metabolism contribute. The concrete effect in people with prediabetes – especially in the Life expectancy of those affected – remained unclear.
Effects on mortality studied
In the new study, the connection between different types of low carbohydrate diets (LCD) Y low-fat diets (LFDs) with mortality in prediabetes. To do this, the researchers used data from 9,793 adults with so-called prediabetes NHANES Study 1999-2014.
“Total, unhealthy, and healthy LCD and LFD scores were determined based on percentage of total energy and carbohydrate, fat, and protein subtypes”the researchers explain.
The data analysis showed that a higher healthy LCD value at the beginning of the study with more favorable values for blood glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR (markers of insulin resistance), C-reactive protein (inflammation marker) and blood lipids was connected.
However, a higher healthy LFD value was included lower blood sugar Y C-reactive protein linked to the start, reports the research team.
Significant effect on all-cause mortality
Total were in the 72,054 person-years monitoring 1,352 deaths occurred, with healthy LCD and LFD values significantly associated with a lower mortality from all causes they were connected.
In contrast, unhealthy levels of LCDs and LFDs tended to be associated with higher all-cause mortality in people with prediabetes, the researchers write.
“Isocaloric replacement of three to five percent of energy from low-quality carbohydrate or saturated fat with high-quality carbohydrate, vegetable protein, or unsaturated fat was associated with a 14 to 37 percent reduction in mortality from all Causes”.according to the research team.
The results of the study confirm the beneficial effect of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets in people with prediabetes and make them appear as a promising countermeasure that can significantly extend the life expectancy of those affected. (fp)
Author and source of information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the specialized medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been reviewed by medical professionals.
- Lin Li, Zhilei Shan, Zhenzhen Wan, Rui Li, Tingting Geng, Qi Lu, Kai Zhu, Zixin Qiu, Xuena Zhang, Yujie Liu, Liegang Liu, An Pan, Gang Liu: Associations of low-carbohydrate, low-fat diets with mortality among people with prediabetes; In: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (published 04/14/2022), academic.oup.com
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.