Low glycemic index diet helps lose weight – healing practice

Low-glycemic index diet helps heart patients lose weight

It has long been known that a Low glycemic index diet (“Glyx Diet”) on Lose weight to be able to help. According to a new study, this method can also be used by people with heart diseases be beneficial

According to a study presented at ACNAP-EuroHeartCare Congress 2022, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), eating foods with a low glycemic index promotes a healthier body shape in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and it helps them lose weight.

Influence on blood sugar level

As the ESC explains in a statement, the glycemic index (GI) ranks carbohydrate-containing foods based on how quickly they affect blood sugar levels.

High GI foods cause blood sugar to rise rapidly and include white bread, white rice, potatoes, and sweets.

Low GI foods are digested more slowly and gradually raise blood sugar; These include fruits and vegetables like apples, oranges, broccoli, and leafy greens, legumes like chickpeas, lentils, and beans, and whole grains like brown rice and oatmeal.

Meat, poultry, and fish do not have a GI rating because they do not contain carbohydrates.

A high GI diet may be a disease risk

Observational studies have previously shown that a high GI diet is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Two of these studies were published in The New England Journal of Medicine and Diabetes Care.

A diet with a low glycemic index, on the other hand, leads to significant improvements in the health of people with diabetes, according to a study published in the specialized journal “BMJ”.

Benefits for heart patients

The featured randomized controlled trial evaluated the potential benefit of a low-GI diet on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-hip ratio in patients with coronary artery disease. .

Between 2016 and 2019, the study randomly assigned 160 people with coronary heart disease, ages 38 to 76, to either a low-GI diet or a routine diet for three months. Both groups continued to receive standard therapies for coronary artery disease.

Patients in the low GI group were advised to consume low GI foods and exclude high GI foods while continuing their usual protein and fat intake.

The routine diet group was advised to eat the recommended coronary artery disease diet, which limits fat and some protein such as whole milk, cheese, meat, egg yolks, and fried foods. Diet adherence was assessed using a dietary questionnaire. Anthropometric data were measured at baseline and after three months.

The average age of the participants was 58 years and 52 percent were women. Anthropometric measurements were similar between groups at baseline. After three months, all body measurements in both groups had decreased compared to baseline, but the changes were significant only in the low GI group.

Significant reduction in BMI

When the researchers compared changes between the groups from the start to the end of the study, they found that the low-GI diet resulted in significant reductions in BMI and waist circumference.

BMI decreased by 4.2 kg/m2 in the low GI group compared to 1.4 kg/m2 in the normal diet group. Waist circumference decreased by 9 cm in the low GI group compared to 3.3 cm in the normal diet group.

There were no significant differences between groups in hip circumference and waist-to-hip ratio.

The research team also looked at whether the intervention affected women and men differently. A low GI diet was shown to affect waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio more in men than in women. The beneficial effect of a low GI diet on BMI was the same in men and women.

Study author Dr. Jamol Uzokov of the Practical Scientific Specialized Republican Medical Center for Medical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, said larger studies are still needed to confirm these findings.

But his research already shows “that the emphasis on low GI foods is important as part of a balanced diet and that it can help heart disease patients control their body weight and waist size.” (ad)

Author and source of information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the specialized medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been reviewed by medical professionals.

Sources:

  • European Society of Cardiology: Low-glycemic diet helps heart patients lose weight (Accessed: May 24, 2022), www.escardio.org
  • Jenkins DJA, Dehghan M, Mente A, et al.: Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cardiovascular disease and mortality; In: The New England Journal of Medicine, (published: 08.04.2021), The New England Journal of Medicine
  • Greenwood DC, Threapleton DE, Evans CEL, et al: glycemic index, glycemic load, carbohydrates, and type 2 diabetes; In: Diabetes Care, (Published: 2013-11-13), Diabetes Care
  • Laura Chiavaroli, et al.: Effect of low-glycemic index or load dietary patterns on glycemic control and cardiometabolic risk factors in diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials; In: BMJ, (published: 08.05.2021), BMJ

Important note:
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.

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