Diabetes: use a test to identify your personal risk of developing the disease
Most diabetics suffer from diabetes type 2 mellitus. It is considered a typical disease of civilization. In Germany alone, around eight million people are affected. with a single Test you can quickly get your personal risk of illness determine. There’s also tipsHow can this risk be reduced?
Diabetes is a disease that can have serious consequences if left untreated. Unfortunately, it also has a gradual onset and goes unnoticed by those affected for a long time. The diagnosis is often only made when the first damage has already occurred. A simple test can help identify the risk of disease and, if necessary, prevent it at an early stage.
Type 2 diabetes does not appear suddenly
As the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD) explains on its website, type 2 diabetes develops insidiously over the years, which is why it is often recognized too late, i.e. only when target organ damage is already present.
With the risk test developed by the German Institute for Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke (DIfE), you can determine your personal risk of developing type 2 diabetes (adult-onset diabetes) in the next five years.
However, the test cannot be used if you already have type 1 or type 2 diabetes or if you have already had high diabetes. blood glucose level had or currently has! If this is the case, talk to your doctor about your risk of disease. It cannot be ruled out that you already have diabetes.
Anyone who takes the test, which is available both as an online test and in two different questionnaire versions for individuals and general practitioners, and determines a higher or even high risk, can do something in time. against the onset of disease do and, if necessary, seek medical treatment.
Because the disease or the consequent damage caused by it can be treated well with early application and targeted treatment. preventive or therapeutic measures prevent it or at least significantly delay it.
change your own behavior
The DIfE – DEUTSCHER DIABETES-RISIKO-TEST® (DRT) not only informs you about your personal risk of type 2 diabetes, but also shows you individual possibilities, your to reduce risk.
Risk factors such as age, height or family predisposition cannot be influenced. But in a brochure (DIfE, PDF), the experts explain which factors that are taken into account in the test can be modified by one’s own behavior:
Overweight (waist circumference): A large waist is known to be associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, you should try to reduce your waist measurement or at least keep it constant.
Studies have shown that even a moderate weightloss can significantly reduce the risk of diabetes. In general, weight loss should be achieved by permanent change to a healthy and balanced diet. People over the age of 65 should consult their family doctor before trying to lose weight.
Physical activities: Exercise regularly, at least five hours a week. Physical activity helps you keep your body weight and waist size down. In addition, the effect of the body’s own insulin is enhanced and the blood sugar level is better regulated.
Integral food: As a general rule, when choosing cereal products such as bread and pastries, pasta, rice and cereal flakes, try to give preference to those with a high proportion of whole grains. Many studies indicate that daily consumption of whole grain products reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Limit meat consumption: Be sure to watch your meat intake. The less beef, pork, or lamb you eat, the lower your risk of type 2 diabetes.
give up smoking: If you are a smoker, you should stop using cigarettes because smoking also increases the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Regarding coffee consumption, experts point out: Numerous studies show a connection between regular coffee consumption Coffee consumption and a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. However, the reasons for this are not yet known. If you like to drink coffee and tolerate it well, there is currently nothing stopping you from continuing to enjoy the hot beverage. (ad)
Author and source of information
This text corresponds to the requirements of the specialized medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been reviewed by medical professionals.
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.