study of the state of knowledge

Part A: Detailed review of the literature on the current state of knowledge with background information

title page

Agriculture, as currently practiced, causes significant environmental damage that negatively impacts health and associated costs. To avoid these problems in the future, agricultural systems must be comprehensive. OneHealth-Incorporate concepts that recognize the link between human, animal and environmental health. Agriculture is broadening its spectrum from the limited role of biomass production to a broader role in health protection and promotion, thus assuming responsibility for reducing health and environmental risks that are currently outsourced.

Recently, the EU, the UNITED NATIONS. and the FAO published a series of policy papers addressing food and nutrition security, climate vulnerability, climate change, sustainable use of natural resources, and resilience. FAO assessed the global situation regarding the future of food and agriculture and published reports on future sustainable livestock systems. At EU level, the Bioeconomy Strategy, the “From farm to table“- Strategy that”green deal‘ and published the need for a circular economy to create a vision for future systems. Agricultural activities must respect planetary boundaries. Nutrient losses and greenhouse gas emissions must be avoided. This results in the demand for a better integration of crop production and animal husbandry and a rethinking of the role of animal husbandry in closed-loop bioeconomic systems. The production and consumption of animal products must be reduced to a level that allows for sustainable production.

Concepts such as sustainable intensification, agroecology, agroforestry, climate-smart agriculture, agriculture close to nature, and conservation agriculture are of significant importance on the path to future sustainable agricultural systems. The digital transformation will provide tools to better control agricultural processes with high efficiency and low environmental impact. This will help to (re)connect animal husbandry and crop production for synergies and higher yields based on new feeds, fertilizers and better soil fertility. Closing carbon and nutrient cycles will lead to a reduction in waste and emissions, particularly methane and nitrogen. Additional actions are required to OneHealth-Support policies to minimize the use of antibiotics, promote dialogue between the different actors, promote the improvement of production processes and consider animal welfare as another priority.

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