These things rob men of more than 20 years of life

In addition to genetic factors, lifestyle also affects life span. But how many years does each individual lose due to unhealthy habits? An analysis provides information.

When it comes to lifestyle, nutrition, and health care, women and men still differ significantly. This is also reflected in the Life expectancyas confirmed by a new study in the English-language journal “Age and Aging”.

A few years ago, scientists at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) determined how great the harmful effects of an unhealthy lifestyle can be: People who follow all recommendations for health prevention live up to 17 years longer than their contemporaries with a very unhealthy lifestyle. habits

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However, according to experts, biological aging does not depend solely on these influenceable lifestyle factors. Socioeconomic factors also played a role, as did individual genetic makeup. This is reflected in a large number of blood biomarkers. “We wanted to know if we can predict life expectancy more accurately if we also determine suitable serum biomarkers,” said epidemiologist Rudolf Kaaks in a DKFZ news release.

Study of German researchers on life expectancy

For their analysis, the researchers were able to access data from more than 25,000 subjects from the Heidelberg EPIC study, which has been investigating the connection between cancer, nutrition and lifestyle in a pan-European study for more than 20 years.

Five blood values ​​were closely observed by laboratory test, which indicate levels of inflammation, oxidative stress, possible heart damage, kidney dysfunction and metabolic disorders and are therefore closely related to life expectancy.

A lifestyle-related risk factor profile was also created for all study participants. This included:

  • Of smoking,
  • body mass index,
  • hip circumference,
  • alcohol consumption,
  • physical activity,
  • diabetes and
  • high blood pressure.

The lifestyle costs men 20 years.

“If the researchers took into account only this profile, the life expectancy of the men with the best profile was 16.8 years higher than that of the study participants with the most unhealthy lifestyle habits. For women, this difference was only 9.87 years,” says the DKFZ. .

If, in addition to lifestyle, blood markers were taken into account, there was a difference of 22.7 years between the men with the most unfavorable values ​​compared to the most favorable group. For women, this difference was 14 years.

Bottom line: Unhealthy lifestyle in relation to unfavorable blood values ​​in men statistically led to nearly 23 years shorter lifespan.

“Easy to understand reading” for health prevention

Apart from the fact that the results of this study may help develop future prevention strategies, they could also have educational value for health.

“Likely loss of life expectancy is a useful and easy-to-understand measure that doctors, for example, can use to motivate their patients to give up unhealthy habits. It could also identify people with particularly high health risks who might benefit from direct interventions,” the study authors explained.

Important note: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized physicians. The content of t-online cannot and should not be used to make diagnoses or initiate treatment independently.

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